The Development Question in Asia

Policies and Processes

The panel aims to address the major development issues in different Asia countries, taking into account the interplay between the prescriptive dimension of development and the unfolding of the social processes engendered by the implementation of the mainstream development agenda. Within this perspective, particular attention will be paid to the tensions and contradictions which characterize the development process in different Asian countries, as well as to their socio-economic, political and ideological implications.

Particularly, within the last thirty years, the prescriptive dimension of development has been permeated by the rise of neoliberalism, capable to constantly redefine itself in the course of time through a sophisticated theoretical elaboration. The consequent redefinition of the role of the state and the market in development, together with the redefinition of the role of civil society (often identified with non-governmental organizations), has implied a paradigm shift in development theory, as regards to the approaches emerged in the aftermath of the second world war, which identified the state as the main agent of development.

The panel invites contributions able to shed light on the implications of the implementation of the neoliberal development agenda in the actual development processes in different Asian countries. Contributions able to highlight the tensions between the prescriptive dimension of development and the unfolding of the development processes in a historical perspective, focussing on a specific Asian country during the ‘developmentalist era’ are also welcomed.

Thematically, the panel invites diverse contributions on different crucial arenas, such as:

  1. the implementation and the socio-economic impact of Structural Adjustment Programs at a State, regional or district level, with particular attention to a specific productive sector;
  2. the impact of development policies and macroeconomic reforms on formal and informal labour relations, with reference to specific case studies;
  3. specific aspects of the agrarian question;
  4. the impact of liberalization on industrialization processes:
  5. continuity and change in internal migration processes (with attention to the redefinition urban-rural dynamics and/or to the gender dimension);
  6. continuity and change in international migration processes (with attention to the gender dimension);
  7. the informalization of the economy: the gender dimension.
  8. poverty and inequality: analysis specific case studies;
  9. the conceptualization of civil society in the mainstream development agenda: the role of the NGOs and its social implications – analysis of specific case studies;
  10. civil society beyond the NGOs: social movements and the development process – analysis of specific case studies;
  11. development policies and the environmental question – analysis of specific case studies;
  12. development and democracy: a complex relationship – analysis of specific case studies.

A description of the analytical and methodological approach privileged by the panellists is welcomed, in order to stimulate the debate within different approaches to development and to foster the interaction between the diverse disciplines brought together in the conference.

Chairperson: Matilde Adduci

Matilde Adduci
Neoliberal Policies, Patterns of Social Dominance and Social Exclusion in the Indian State of Orissa

Claudia Castiglioni
Economic Development and Political Authoritarianism: Pahlavi Iran and its Path to Modernization in the Framework of the Cold War

Michela Cerimele
Production, Labour and Development in the era of Globalization. The Case of Vietnam

Francesca Congiu
The Fear of Exclusion as a Fil-Rouge between Tradition and Modernity. Obstacles to the Organization of a Labour Movement in Taiwan

Simona Lanzoni
Microfinance and Empowerment, New Perspectives in the Indian Subcontinent

Valentina Prosperi
Labour Relations and Labour Conditions among Migrant Construction Workers. The Case of Delhi

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